Golden Retrievers are medium-sized dogs that have a history of retrieving game undamaged. They have instincts for hunting, and they should be kept in a fenced area when they are outside. Golden retrievers need a lot of exercise, and they love water. Golden Retrievers have an inner coat that keeps them warm and an outer coat that acts as water-repellent.
Golden retrievers are either of the British-type, American-type, or Canadian-type. British Golden Retrievers have shorter legs and are often heavier than the other types. American Golden Retrievers are less stocky and have thicker fur, while Canadian Golden Retrievers are taller and have thinner and darker coats of fur. Golden Retrievers have coats that range from light to dark golden colors, and should never be too long. Puppies have a lighter coat that turns darker as they get older.
Golden Retrievers have a temperament that is friendly and they love to please their owners. They are very loyal to their owners, which makes them a great family pet, especially ones with children. They are patient, and they are well-behaved around strangers as well as people they know. Golden Retrievers would not make a good guard dog, but they are very trusting and gentle. Golden retrievers hardly ever show aggression, and is considered unacceptable for this breed.
Golden retrievers are a very smart breed of dog, so they are good for many activities. Besides being used as a hunting dog, they are often used as guide dogs for blind people, hearing dogs for the deaf, search and rescue dogs, and detectors of illegal substances. Since Golden Retrievers love water, they are often used in water rescue missions. They are easy to train, and they are competitive in obedience and agility tests.
Golden Retrievers were trained as hunting dogs in the past, so they can sit still for long hours. They have a lot of energy, and they should be watched over so they don’t work too hard. They will be acceptable in an apartment if they get a lot of outdoor exercise, and they do best with a medium-sized yard. Golden Retrievers get along great with other breeds of dogs, cats, and livestock; the females often become surrogate mothers to other animals including kittens and tiger cubs.
Golden Retrievers have a life span between ten and twelve years. Males range from 22-24 inches tall and 60-80 pounds, while females range from 20-22 inches tall and 55-70 pounds. Puppies should have three cups of food a day, while adults should have between three and five depending on how active they are.
It is easy to groom Golden Retrievers. They need regular grooming with a comb or a brush with firm bristles. They should be brushed at least once a week and more often when they shed a lot twice a year. They shed regularly throughout the year, but grooming them every week should keep the shedding minimal. Dry shampooing should be used regularly, at least every two months. Golden Retrievers should only be bathed in water only when necessary. It is also necessary for Golden Retrievers to have their ears cleaned often to prevent ear infections.